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    Munro Bagging

    4 min read

    Do you know your Munros from your Corbetts? Did you even know about Grahams?

    Wilderness Guide and walking fanatic, Jonathan Willet explains the specifics and history of Scotland’s mountain classifications.

    By Jonathan Willet
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    What's it all about?

    The term Munro is often bandied about when talking about Scottish mountains but perhaps less well known are Corbetts and Grahams. But what do all these terms mean and who were they named after? Each are hills of a certain height but unfortunately, Corbetts are not named after Ronnie, the diminutive comedian.

    Munro bagging is the term used for people who will walk or hike into the wild places of Scotland in order to seek out, or bag a Munro by reaching the summit of each one. It’s an exceptionally rewarding way to experience Scotland.

    • So what is a Munro? A Munro is a mountain in Scotland over 3000ft or 914.4m
    • There are 282 Munros – here they are listed in order of height!
    • People like to hill walk/hike up to the top of them. When you hit the summit, you’ve bagged a Munro.
    • The beauty of wanting to bag all 282 of them is that in committing to do so, you open up the opportunity to see an incredible breadth of Scotland’s outstanding and dramatic landscape.
    • When you’ve bagged all 282 Munros, you’re considered a Munroist. And that’s when you start getting a lot of knowing nods, kudos and respect.
    • Once you’re all done with those, most people have ignited a love for the hills they can’t extinguish, so they move on to some of the smaller (but equally impressive) hills like Corbetts or Grahams.
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    Sir Hugh Munro was an original member of the Scottish Mountaineering Club (SMC) and in 1891 he wrote an article for their journal with a definitive list of all the mountains in Scotland over 3,000 feet. He created the list using maps and by taking barometer readings at the top to check the heights of mountains whose summits were of “sufficient separation” from their neighbouring tops. He did not define exactly what “sufficient separation” was and this has led to a great deal of debate.

    His original list was made up of 538 summits with 282 being “Munros”. It is not clear when these mountains first became known as Munros, but the popularisation of “Munro-bagging” seems to have started with the publication of a book by Hamish Brown, Hamish’s Mountain Walk, in 1974. It documented his four-month self-propelled journey (apart from some ferry crossings) round all the Munros.

    By the 1980s Munro-bagging was becoming a very popular hobby. So much so that there was even a BBC series called the Munro Show presented, in a light-hearted manner, by Muriel Gray in the early 1990s. Many found the pronunciations of the tricky mountain names by Sorley MacLean, a great poet from Raasay, very memorable.

    The first person to complete the Munros is said to be the Rev. A.E Robertson of Rannoch in 1901, but there is some doubt if he did them all. The first confirmed completion (plus the tops) was in 1923 by Ronald Burn.

    Scottish Mountains


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    Corbetts are hills between 2,500 and 3,000ft (762-914.4m) with a 500ft (152.4m) drop between them. They are named after John Rooke Corbett who was a very active member of the SMC between the two World Wars. He climbed all the hills in Scotland over 2,000ft and in 1930 completed all the Munros and tops, only the second person to do so. There are currently 222 Corbetts.

    Scottish Mountains


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    Grahams are hills between 2,000 and 2,499ft (610-761m) with a 150m drop between them. They used to be known as Lesser Corbetts (LCs or Elsies) but had the name Graham conferred on them in memory of Fiona Torbet (nee Graham) who published her own list of these hills in 1992. With more accurate measuring some hills go up a level others down, currently, there are 282 Munros and 509 tops. But the best advice is to forget the classification and look at the hills on their own merits as all three have some cracking days out. There are currently 219 Grahams.

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    Meet the Author: Jonathan Willet

    “Jonathan has a wealth of experience in biodiversity, history and landscape. With degrees in zoology and ecology and 20+ years as a wildlife guide, his regular blogs are always packed full of informational gems.”

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