It makes them last longer and saves burning them at the end of the trip, plus you have a change if you get soaked. All the rest can be single items. If you are travelling and you have the space you can take:
a non-walking clean pair of socks
It makes travelling far more pleasant for you and the folk beside you!
Waterproofs, broken in boots, a pair of sandals (for river crossings), gaiters, waterproof gloves, thin fleece gloves, hat, thermal jacket with synthetic insulation. Travel towel and biodegradable soap. For eating; a spoon, a sharp knife and a big mug. If you need a stove, and if you have dehydrated food you do, then make sure it works when it is windy and you have a wind break for it; also essential if travelling abroad, make sure you can get the fuel you need.
Food, hmm lots. Dehydrated food is the way to go and there are lots of good ones on the market. Again try them before you go. If you don’t like porridge for breakfast and prefer muesli then pay a weight penalty, a big mugful of muesli is 250 to 300g… it all adds up.
Nuts are great as they are full of fat, which have the greatest calories per unit weight. Macadamias have the most but Hazelnuts are half the price and have almost the same (over 50%).
Salt and other seasonings are important to take with you to spice up a meal and also to keep cramp at bay.
Crisps don’t weigh much and taste great, puncture the packet and reseal once all the air is out.
As long as you have a decent breakfast and tea, lunch can be more of a snack, oatcakes and cup-a-soup have worked well for me.
Dates are a great snack.
A squeezy tube of condensed milk makes morning and afternoon tea a sweet treat.
For camping if you can share a tent then you save weight, but if you are going away in a group for a while then having your own space might be a luxury you can afford to carry. There are a few super lightweight tents about but if you are over 5 foot ten you may not be able to sit up straight in them. A sleeping bag a bit warmer than you need is a must.
In terms of water it depends on on the conditions and the water supply. Ski touring in Norway, 2 litres will usually be enough for a day, hiking on the GR20 in Corsica upto 4 litres per day. In Scotland a litre or two of water will do you as there is alway a burn to fill up from. Use your common sense and if there is lots of livestock in an area find a steep burn with plenty of flow. I like to have a hard water bottle to drink out off and a 2-litre water carrier like a Playupus. This means you can have enough water to cook with, wash up and make your tea and not have to keep trailing back and forth to a water source.
Don’t forget a toilet trowel, have some emergency toilet paper (preferably unbleached and unperfumed) but try to use moss instead, just make sure you pick any rough bits out of it first ;-)
Finally, a pen and paper to keep a diary, leave notes etc. A map and a compass. On a long trip I try to leave all electronics needing regular charging behind or if you can’t be apart from them don’t switch them on while you are away from electricity. A GPS is obviously very useful but only needs to be switched on when you need it. A mobile phone can be a godsend but only if you can get a signal. Kindles are great for battery life and storing lots of books… to read on the way there, back and when stormbound.
“Jonathan has a wealth of experience in biodiversity, history and landscape. With degrees in zoology and ecology and 20+ years as a wildlife guide, his regular blogs are always packed full of informational gems.”